Urinary Incontinence in Women 101

You are not alone. 1 in 3 women will have issues with urinary incontinence in their lifetime.

Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. There are three main types of urinary incontinence that pelvic floor muscle stimulation can be used to treat. Approximately 20 million American women are affected by urinary incontinence. This number can be broken down by age: 20%-30% of young women, 30%-40% of middle-aged women, and up to 50% of mature women suffer from urinary incontinence.

All rights belong to Relevium Labs Inc. © 2017

All rights belong to Relevium Labs Inc. © 2017

First: there are different types of urinary incontinence

  1. Stress incontinence – happens when there is an increase in abdominal pressure during movement — such as when you laugh, sneeze or cough, or during exercise. Urine leaks because of weakened pelvic floor muscles and tissues. Causes of stress incontinence include pregnancy and childbirth, which cause stretching and weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. Other factors, such as overweight or obesity, may also increase the risk for stress incontinence or bladder leakage.
  2. Urge incontinence – also called overactive bladder and occurs when there is a bladder contraction. An urgent need to urinate results in bladder leakage.
  3. Mixed incontinence – a combination of stress incontinence and urge incontinence.

Second: a strong pelvic floor is a happy pelvic floor

The pelvic floor is a muscular structure that provides a lot support to a healthy urinary system. It runs from the pubic bone to the base of the spine and holds the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, vagina, small bowel, and rectum) in place. A normal pelvic floor provides elastic load balancing to accommodate downward pressure on the abdomen and then returns the organs back to their original position. The pelvic floor muscle is also responsible for voluntarily closing the external urethral sphincter. This is why Kegels are so crucial to pelvic floor strength.

Third: Kegels work and they do much more than you thought

Most women know that proper Kegel exercises will decrease or cure urinary incontinence. However, half of the women who try to do Kegel exercises do this exercise incorrectly and have little (or no) effect on their pelvic floor. Kegel exercises tone the pubococcygus muscle, which is the primary controller of the urinary function. Not only do Kegels help with urinary incontinence in women and maintaining control, they also lead to: improved posture, back and knee pain alleviation, and flattening your stomach. This is why using the Yarlap® is important for properly training pelvic floor muscles. With electro muscle stimulation to contract the pelvic floor muscles, the Yarlap® does the whole workout for you.


  1. Center for Disease Control, 2015
  2. Sandvik H. Bergen, Norway: Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen; 1995. Female urinary incontinence: studies of epidemiology and management in general practice [thesis]
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